Week 4 Integumentary

Week 4 Integumentary

Choose one skin condition graphic (identify by number in your Chief Complaint)Number 5 please follow the sample SOAP to document your assignment in the SOAP (Subjective, Objective, Assessment, and Plan) note format rather than the traditional narrative style. Refer to Chapter 2 of the Sullivan text and the Comprehensive SOAP Template in this week’s Learning Resources for guidance. Remember that not all comprehensive SOAP data are included in every patient case.
· Use clinical terminologies to explain the physical characteristics featured in the graphic. Formulate a differential diagnosis of three to five possible conditions for the skin graphic that you chose. Determine which is most likely to be the correct diagnosis and explain your reasoning using at least three different references, one reference from current evidence-based literature from your search and two different references from this week’s Learning Resources.
 
Please follow the sample notes but work can’t be equal – make up different information

NURS 6512N
Advanced Health Assessment
Walden University
Week 4Assignment
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SOAP NOTE
Differential Diagnosis for Skin Condition
Skin Condition Picture #5
Patient Initials: AP Age: 69 Gender: M
SUBJECTIVE DATA:
Chief Complaint (CC): Complains of rash that have some blisters and scab on the chest and
back.
History of Present Illness (HPI): Mike Jones is a 69-years old Caucasian male who presents today with a new onset of clusters of rash and blisters on his anterior, right flank and posterior chest. He reports that 4 days prior to the rash appearing he had itching, tingling, burning and pain in the same area of the rash. He reports the severity of pain 7/10 and 10/10 with palpation.
Medications:
1. Tamsulosin (Flomax) 0.4 mg for BPH
2. Over the counter Aspirin 81 mg daily
3. Over the counter Benadryl 25mg 1 tab every 6 hours for itching.
4. Over-the-counter topical hydrocortisone cream for itching as needed.
5. Over-the-counter Tylenol extra strength two tablets every 6 hours for pain.
Allergies: No Know Drug Allergies
Past Medical History (PMH):
1. Benign prostatic hyperplasia – age 50
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2. History of gallstone- age 45
3. Chickenpox – age 6
4. Chlamydia-age 25
Past Surgical History (PSH):
1. Cholecystectomy 2010-age 59
2. Transurethral resection of the prostate 2012 – age 61
Sexual/Reproductive History:
Heterosexual
Personal/Social History: Past tobacco product use, quit more than 30 years ago, denies ETOH,
or illicit drug use. He enjoys fishing and camping with his friends and visiting with his children
and grandchildren as often as he can. He drinks an occasional glass of wine or beer at social
gathering.
Immunization History: His immunizations are up to date. Patient last Influenza vaccine was
two weeks ago. Received the pneumococcal vaccine at age 65. Believe all childhood vaccination
was received. Last Tdap received when he was in college.
Significant Family History:
Natural death- Mother-deceased at age 90.
Gout, hemorrhagic stroke, hypertension, ETOH -Dad age 92.
Cervical Cancer- Maternal grandmother died at age 86.
Congestive heart failure, Asthma, COPD – Maternal grandfather- die at age 75.
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Drown-Paternal grandmother – deceased at age 35 in a boating accident.
Stroke, Hypertension – Paternal grandfather, deceased, at age 70.
Lifestyle
Patient is married to his wife of 30 years with two adult children and 3 grandchildren. He owns a
business that sell different insurance product. He in the process of handing the business over to
his two children who current work with him to retire next year. The patient is petty active both
him and his wife walk at least for an hour three to four times a week.
Review of Systems:
General: Patient denies fever, fatigue, or poor appetite. Endorse severe pain at the site of the
rash.
HEENT: Denies any head injury or headaches, blurred vision or floaters. Does yearly eye exam,
appointment coming up in three months. History of astigmatism but had Lasik surgery10 years
ago. Negative for hearing loss, tinnitus, or ear pain. Have issue with excessive wax for which he
sees an ENT specialist for cleaning one a year. Last cleaning was two months ago. Denies any
issue or history of nose- bleed, post-nasal drip, congestion or change in smell or recent cold.
Patient denies any dry mouth, throat soreness, cough or history of strep throat. Patient had dental
implant done two years ago.
Neck: No complaints of pain or discomfort, no swollen lymph nodes. No jugular veins
distention.
Breast: Denies tenderness/discomfort. No drainage or gynecomastia.
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Respiratory: No shortness of breath, cough, or congestions. Denies chest pain or discomfort.
No environmental exposure, no exposure to second- hand smoking. No history of pneumonia or
tuberculosis.
CV: No complaints of chest pain, palpitation or dyspnea on exertion. No edema, history of
syncope, rheumatic, claudication or thrombophlebitis. Negative for hypertension or abnormal
electrocardiogram
GI: Denies any nausea, vomiting, diarrhea , constipation, change in appetite, bowel pattern
every three days. No history of hemorrhoid, rectal bleeding, food intolerance or indigestion.
Patient has a history of gallbladder disease.
GU: no dysuria, penile pain or discharge, hematuria, no testicular pain, history of urinary tract
disease or hernias. Patient has history dribbling after urination, nocturia, frequent urination, sense of
incomplete bladder emptying, urinary urgency to urinate and a weak urinary stream. Abnormal
ejaculatory patterns. No history of STDs.
MS: He has no complaints of arthritis or muscle pain. Slipped and fell in the snow last year, no
injury or fracture. Positive Trendelenburg gait, range of motion of both upper and lower
extremities.
PSYCH: Denies any depression, suicidal ideation or homicidal ideation, anxiety, hallucinations
nightmares, insomnia. Has a phobia to clowns
NEURO: negative for headaches, weakness, numbness, tingling or tremors. No visual changes,
seizures, blackouts, memory changes, vertigo or dizziness.
INTEGUMENT/HEME/LYMPH: Scatter and cluster rash on anterior and posterior chest. No
other skin abnormalities present.
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ENDOCRINE: No abnormalities in this area. No hormone therapy at this time.
ALLERGIC/IMMUNOLOGIC: No history of environmental, food or medication allergies
and no immune deficiencies.
OBJECTIVE DATA
PHYSICAL EXAM: B/P 156/90, left arm, sitting, regular adult cuff; P 82 and regular; T 98.9
orally; RR 18 and non-labored; Wt: 147 lbs.; Ht: 5’6.
General: Alert, interactive, and well nourished. Appears uncomfortable and guarding the right
upper body.
HEENT: No visual deformities to his head. No history of injury or complaints of headache.
Patient had Lasik surgery of bilateral eyes 10 years ago, PERRLA, no conjunctivitis. No
difficulty hearing, ear canal clean, tympanic membranes are pink with land mask’s visible. No
post -nasal drip or polyps seen. No redness or complaint of soreness or irritation of throat. Oral
mucosa is pink and moist. Tonsils are of normal shape and size.
Chest/Lungs: Chest is symmetrical. Lung sounds equal and clear to auscultation, in all lung
field, no crackle or wheezing. Respiration are even and non-labored.
Heart/Peripheral Vascular: Blood pressure slightly elevated systolic in the 150’s. Heart rate
and rhythm normal with S1 and S2 sound without the presence of gallops or murmurs.
ABD: Abdomen soft, non-tender, nondistended with the present of active bowel sound in all
quadrant
Genital/Rectal: External genital WNL, circumcised without the presence of lesions or wounds.
No signs of hemorrhoid.
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Musculoskeletal: AROM to upper and lower extremities. No history of trauma or fractures.
Unable to completely abduct right hip.
Neuro: Appropriately response to quarry for age. No abnormal sensory or weakness noted.
Skin/Lymph Nodes: Open and fluid fill blister seen on the chest, right flank and back.
ASSESSMENT:
LAB TEST AND RESULTS:
SPO2, 95% on room air.
CBC: WBC 7,000; RBC: 14 GM/DL
PCR- Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)- 210.9
DIFFERENTIAL DX:
• Eczema
• Contact Dermatitis
• Shingles
DIAGNOSIS/CLIENT PROBLEM
Diagnosing Shingles in the early stages can be difficult because the typical rash often only appears after
the pain starts. Depending on what part of your body is affected, other causes might be suspected at
first, like an inflammation of the appendix (appendicitis) or an inflammation of the gallbladder
(cholecystitis), a slipped disk or even a heart attack.
Many people who have shingles first think that it might be a non-contagious skin condition like eczema. This may delay the diagnosis because they might think that they don’t need to see a doctor about it.
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Doctors diagnose shingles based on its typical one-sided rash and the accompanying pain or abnormal sensations. If they aren’t sure whether it’s shingles, the fluid inside the blisters can be tested to see whether it contains the virus. Doctors can also check if the blood contains more than the usual numbers of antibodies needed to fight the varicella-zoster virus
InformedHealth.org [Internet]. Cologne, Germany: Institute for Quality and
Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG); 2006-. Shingles: Overview. 2014 Nov 19
[Updated 2019 Nov 21]. Available from:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK279624
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References
Ball, Jane et. al. (2015). Seidel’s Guide to physical examination (8th ed.) St. Louis, MO: Elsevier
Mosby.
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